The Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) is a statutory body under the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Govt. of India. MPEDA is the nodal agency for promotion of export of marine products from India. MPEDA has presence in all the maritime states and is implementing its developmental schemes for export promotion and aquaculture production through its field offices.
During the financial year 2015-16, India has exported 945892 MT of Seafood worth US$ 4.7 Billion. USA and South East Asia are continued to be the major importers of Indian seafood as in the previous year. Frozen Shrimp continued to be the major export item followed by frozen fish.
Export summary reports are given in the Table.1
Export Performance During 2015-16 compared to 2014-15
|Quantity in Tons||945892||1051243|
|Value in Crores||30420.83||33441.61|
|USD in Million||4687.94||5511.12|
|Unit Value (USD/Kg)||4.96||5.24|
The revival of the aquaculture production (especially Shrimp) in Thailand and Vietnam has resulted in a better supply situation in the international market. This has eased the price situation of shrimp in the world over including India. Thus our average unit value realization of Frozen shrimp has come down to US$ 8.28 per kg. in 2015-16 as against US$ 10.38 in 2014-15.(Shrimp constitute 66% value of total exports). The depreciation of euro, weaker economic condition in China, devaluation yen etc contributed to the decline in exports. Other factors contributed were the decline in capture fishery. As per the Statistics available, wild caught shrimp landing has declined by 10.5% in 2015 (348296 tons) compared to 2014 (389007 tons).
Frozen shrimp continued to be the major item of export in terms of quantity and value, accounting for a share of 39.53 % in quantity and 66.06% of the total USD earnings. Shrimp exports during the period increased by 4.58% in terms of quantity. However unit value realization decreased to 8.28 USD/Kg from 10.38 in 2014-15 with a depreciation of 2.09%.
The overall export of shrimp during 2015-16 was to the tune of 3,73,866 MT worth USD 3,096.68 Million. USA is the largest market imported (1,34,144 MT) for frozen shrimp followed by European Union (81,849 MT), South East Asia (65,188 MT), Japan (34,204 MT), Middle East countries (17,477 MT), China (9542 MT) and Other Countries (31,464 MT).
The export of Vannamei shrimp has improved from 2,22,176 MT to 2,56,699 MT in 2015-16 with a growth of 16%. In value terms about 50.18 % of total Vannamei shrimp was exported to USA followed by 17.25% to South East Asian countries, 15.78% to EU, 4.55% to Japan, 3.62% to Middle East, 2.23% to China and 6.40% to Other Countries. Japan is the major market for Black Tiger shrimp with a share of 37.04% in terms of value followed by US (20.56) and South East Asia (19.28).
Frozen Fish is the second largest export item, accounting for a share of 24.18% in quantity and 11.30% in USD earnings. Export of Frozen fish has shown a negative growth of 14.49% in terms of USD, however unit value realization increased to 2.32 USD/Kg from 2 USD/Kg in 2014-15, with a growth of 15.67%.
Frozen squid have shown a growth in terms of quantity as well as in value, and are recorded a growth of 17.54%, 26.66% and 17.96% in terms of quantity, rupee value and USD earnings respectively.
Export of Chilled items also improved in terms of quantity as well as in value, with a growth of 5.56%, 27.29% and 18.91% in terms of quantity, rupee value and USD earnings respectively. Unit value realization also improved by 12.65%.
Export of Frozen Cuttlefish have shown negative growth of 20.35%, 10.75% and 16.76% in terms of quantity, rupee value and USD terms respectively. However the Unit value realization improved by 4.51%.
Dried items have shown a negative growth of 38.59% in quantity 28.17% in rupee value and 32.59% in USD terms respectively, even though unit value realization picked up from 2.35 to 2.58 this year with a positive growth of 9.77%.
Live and Other Items also had shown a negative growth in terms of USD earnings and in Unit Value realization. However the Live items shown a slight improvement in Quantity (0.09%) as well as in Indian Rupee earnings (2.42%). The details are given below.
The details of major items of exports are given in the Table.2
Item Wise Exports 2015-16
Q: Quantity in Tons, V: Value in Rs. Crores, $: USD Million
|ITEM||Share %||2015-16||2014-15||Growth (%)|
|FR CUTTLE FISH||Q:||6.93||65596||82353||-20.35|
USA continued to be the major importer of Indian seafood with a share of 28.46% in terms of USD. USA imported 153695 MT of seafood in the current financial year. Export to USA had registered a growth of 18.53% in terms of quantity but in value it showed a decline of 2.23% in INR and 8.52% in USD terms. Frozen Shrimp continued to be the principle item exported to USA with a share of 94.01% in USD value.Exports of Vannamei shrimp to USA showed an increase of 22.48% in quantity, but the value dropped by 5.32% in USD terms. Similarly exports of Black Tiger Shrimp improved by 6.56% in quantity but decreased by 30.35% in USD earning.
South East Asia remains as the second largest market destination of Indian Marine products accounting for a share of 24.59% in USD terms followed by European Union (20.71%), Japan (8.61%), Middle East countries (5.90%), China (4.71%) and Other countries (7.03%) respectively. However the overall exports to South East Asia reduced by 19.77% in quantity 13.01% in rupee value and 18.63% in US $ earnings.
The major South East Asian markets for Indian marine products are Vietnam with a percentage share of 74.91% in US $ terms followed by, Thailand (10.83%), Taiwan (5.04%), Malaysia (3.37%), Singapore (3.29%), South Korea (2.31%) and Other Countries (0.25%) respectively. Among these, Vietnam alone imported 219384 MT of Indian seafood, the quantity is much more than that of any other individual markets like US, Japan or China.
European Union continued to be the third largest destination for Indain Seafood with a share of 19.70% in Quantity. Frozen Shrimp continued to be the major item of exports to EU accounting 43.92% in quantity and 62.35% in USD earnings out of the total exports to EU. Exports of Vannamei shrimp to EU improved by 8.31% in quantity but showed a decline of 12.39% in USD terms.
Japan is in fourth largest destination for Indian Seafood with a share of 8.61% in USD earnings and 7.97% in quantity terms. Exports to Japan decreased by 4.29% in quantity and 19.67% in USD terms. Frozen Shrimp continued to be the major item of exports to Japan accounting a share of 45.37% in quantity and 78.40% in USD earnings out of the total exports to Japan. Exports of Frozen shrimp to Japan increased by 12.39% in quantity but decreased by 9.80% in USD value. This year BT Shrimp export to Japan have improved in quantity from 9129 MT to 10367 MT with a growth of 13.57%. However the Unit Value decreased from 14.28 USD in 2014-15 to 9.6 USD in 2015-16 a steep drop of 32.77%. Exports of Vannamei shrimp improved by 24.20 % in quantity but in value it decreased by 4.83% in USD.
Compared to previous year Chinese market shows a recovery with a positive growth in Indian Rupee value by 6.17% but in quantity and USD terms showed a negative growth of 15.92% and 0.34% respectively. Exports of frozen shrimp improved by 80.17% in quantity and 49.51% in USD terms. Exports of Vannamei and BT shrimp also improved substantially. This shows a shift from low value fish items to high value shrimp in Chinese market.
Exports to Middle East and Other Countries showed a negative growth in quantity as well as in value terms when compared to previous year.
The details on major markets for Indian marine products are given in the Table. 3
Export Compilation for April- 2015 to March- 2016 - Country wise Total
Q: Quantity in Tons, V: Value in Rs. Crores,$: USD Million
|Country||Share %||2015-16||2014-15||Growth (%)|
|SOUTH EAST ASIA||34.77||Q:||328900||409931||-19.77|
Marine products were exported through 30 different sea/air/land ports. Vizag, Kochi, JNP, Pipavav and Calcutta are major ports handled the marine cargo. Exports improved from Mundra, Hyderabad, Trichy and Hill Land Customs when compared to last year 2014-15. Major Port wise export details are given below.
Export Compilation for April- 2015 to March- 2016 - Port wise Total
Q: Quantity in Tons, V: Value in Rs. Crores, $: USD Million
|Share %||2015-16||2014-15||Growth (%)|
|J N P||Q:||13.29||125751||149585||-15.93|
MPEDA envisages export of marine products worth USD 5.6 Billion during the year 2016-17. Increased production of L. Vannamei and Black Tiger Shrimp, diversification of Aquaculture species particularly of Mangrove Crab and Tilapia, Quality control measures and Increase in infrastructure facilities for production of value added products are expected to achieve this target.
The Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA), under the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India, in association with the Seafood Exporters Association of India (SEAI) is organizing the 21st Edition of India International Seafood Show (IISS) at Panjim, Goa on 10 -12th February 2018. IISS is the oldest and largest seafood event in Asia, providing a platform for manufacturers and suppliers of processing machinery, packaging systems, certifications, processing ingredients, cold chain system, logistics etc. to showcase their products along with technical sessions delivered by world renowned experts on the latest technological developments in this industry. The 20th India International Seafood Show at Visakhapatnam during 2016 had attracted a large number of exhibitors from Belgium, Vietnam, Germany, Taiwan, Netherlands, U.S.A., Sweden, Spain, U.K., and Thailand apart from many Indian Companies.
About 300 exhibition stalls and 3000 delegates are expected to participate in this event and it is expected to bring more capital investment from abroad to create a milestone in the “Make in India” programme of the Central Government.
For Details, Enquiries, Online Registration/ Stall Bookings visit the Event Website: www.indianseafoodexpo.com or contact Deputy Director (P&MP), MPEDA, Panampilly Nagar, Cochin – 682 036. Ph. 0484 2321722 e-mail- email@example.com